A Brief History Of Kolkata Police – The Everyday Heroes In The City


Kolkata Police – A name synonymous with respect and bravery among most, as well as discipline and fear among others. Kolkata Police Force is one of the three presidency police forces of West Bengal. The primary functions of the forces are maintaining law and order in the city, traffic management, prevention and detection of crime and coordinating various citizen-centric services for the people of Kolkata.


The history of the Kolkata Police goes back to the colonial ages when Calcutta was a settlement under the English East India Company. East India Company formally appointed an officer to be in charge of civil and criminal administration in 1720. He was assisted by an Indian functionary commonly known as black deputy or black zamindar. Under him were three naib-dewans, one of whom was in charge of the police. The settlement was divided into “thanas” (police stations) under “thanadars” who had in turn contingents of “naiks” and “paiks”. 
After India gained independence from British rule in 1947, Calcutta Police was re-organised as an essential element of the Indian law enforcement agencies.
Surendra Nath Chatterjee was the first Indian Commissioner of Police. 


  • Obedience to the Constitution of India.
  • Upholding dignity of citizens.
  • Compassion & Fairness in approach.
  • Upholding personal and institutional integrity.
  • Enforce the rule of law impartially and honestly so that they provide a secure environment to all sections of society, especially, the vulnerable and under privileged, including women, children, senior citizens and minorities and maintain ethnic harmony keeping in mind the democratic and secular ideals of our constitution.
  • Follow a people-friendly approach.
  • Upgrade professional skills and human resources in general, to enable them to prevent crime and maintain public order.
  • Enable us to move towards the goal of bringing peace and progress with the support of the community in order to emerge as a true public service.


  • Commissioner of Police
  • Special Commissioner of Police
  • Additional Commissioner of Police
  • Joint Commissioner of Police
  • Deputy Commissioner of Police
  • Assistant Commissioner of Police
  • Inspector / Inspectress of Police  / Armed Inspector
  • Sub-Inspector / Sub-Inspectress  / Sergeant    /  Wireless Supvr /  Subedar
  • Assistant Sub-Inspector    /    Asst. Sub-Inspectress   / Armed Asst. Sub-Inspectress
  • Police Driver  /  Constable  /  Lady Constable   / Sepoy
  • Head Sower  /  Sower  /  Syce
  • Wireless Helper

Kolkata Police Band

On November 1, 1858, a group of Englishmen were hurriedly mobilized from the city of Calcutta and organized into a “Pipe-Band” to play at the Governor’s House. The occasion – the transfer of power from the Company Bahadur to the British Crown – a ceremony whose grandeur would have been incomplete without the pomp and splendour of a fitting musical accompaniment. Some two hundred and forty eight Indian and British Darogas and Marines in full regalia marched to the tune of the band on this solemn occasion. These assorted musicians were later recruited into the Calcutta Police to form the Police band. Years of development have today crystallized them into a well-trained group of seventy men proficient in both Brass and Pipe instruments. 

The primary objective of the Kolkata Police Band is to contribute to effective operation of the police service by strengthening and expanding lines of communication and public relations between the public and police and provide ceremonial support as and when required.

Kolkata Police Band is utilized during all important Government functions like Republic Day Parade, national and international sporting events as well as on the occasions of State Receptions hosted in the honour of State guests.

Source: http://www.kolkatapolice.gov.in


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